Literacy > Lodging Glossary > General Resort

General Resort

A general resort refers to a large-scale, multi-purpose resort establishment operated for tourists, distinguished from ‘specialty resorts’ based on its larger scale. While smaller specialty resorts often do not include lodging properties, general resorts typically do.
Statutory Definition
General resort businesses are defined as ‘businesses that provide lodging or restaurant facilities for tourists' relaxation or leisure and include either two or more types of specialty resort facilities, or one or more types of specialty resort facilities along with general amusement facilities.’ Alternatively, they may offer 'lodging properties and at least two types of specialty resort facilities, or one type of specialty resort facility along with general amusement facilities for tourists'.
Lobin Commentary

General resorts, along with specialty resorts, campsites, sightseeing boat businesses, tourist performance halls, urban minbak businesses, and hanok experience businesses, are classified as ‘tourist facility business’ under the Tourism Promotion Act, representing relatively large-scale, multi-purpose resorts operated for tourists.

Therefore, while it is challenging to classify them merely as lodging establishments, they can be included in the category of lodging products if they offer lodging functions. The ‘Enforcement Decree of Tourism Promotion Act’ classifies general resorts into two classes as follows:

  1. Class 1 General Resorts: Businesses that provide lodging or restaurant facilities and at least two types of specialty resort facilities, or lodging or restaurant facilities along with at least one type of specialty resort facility and general amusement facilities for tourist use.
  2. Class 2 General Resorts: Businesses that provide the facilities required for registration as a tourist lodging establishment and at least two types of specialty resort facilities required for registration as a Class 1 general resort, or at least one type of specialty resort facility and general amusement facilities for tourist use.

Annex 1 of the Enforcement Decree of Tourism Promotion Act stipulates the registration criteria for general resorts as follows:

  1. Class 1 General Resorts
    1. Must provide lodging or restaurant facilities and at least two types of specialty resort facilities, or lodging or restaurant facilities and at least one type of specialty resort facility along with general amusement facilities.
  2. Class 2 General Resorts
    1. Area: Must be at least 500,000 square meters in a single lot.
    2. Facilities: Must provide tourist lodging facilities and at least two types of specialty resort facilities required for registration as a Type 1 general resort, or at least one type of specialty resort facility and general amusement facilities.

General resorts are distinguished as a separate category based on the larger scale of facilities compared to specialty resorts. In terms of lodging, smaller specialty resorts often do not include lodging properties, whereas general resorts typically do.

The Tourism Promotion Act defines specialty resorts as ‘businesses that provide lodging facilities (including facilities in rural homestays and natural retreat forests) or restaurant facilities (resting places, general restaurants, confectionery shops) and at least one type of specialty resort facility (such as folk villages, beaches, hunting grounds, zoos, botanical gardens, aquariums, hot springs, caves, swimming pools, tourist farms, hang gliding sites, sports facilities, retreat forests, museums, art galleries) for tourist use.’

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Data Source

  • GDP: GDP, Current $US (World Bank Open Data)
  • Establishments: Compendium of Tourism Statistics (UNWTO), Lodging Business Ledger (MOIS)
  • Rooms: Compendium of Tourism Statistics (UNWTO), Lodging Business Ledger (MOIS)
  • Lodging GDP: Value Added by Industry (BEA), National Accounts (Cabinet Office), GDP of Indonesia (BPS), GDP & GNI by Sector (BOK), Economic Census (KOSIS)
  • Period: 2017-2021

※ In Korea, general & residential accommodations are included while rural & urban minbaks are excluded. Comparable countries are selected based upon availability of lodging GDP statistics for all types of accommodations.

Data Source

  • Population: Population, Total (World Bank Open Data)
  • GDP: GDP, Current $US (World Bank Open Data)
  • Rooms: Compendium of Tourism Statistics (UNWTO), Lodging Business Ledger (MOIS)
  • Lodging GDP: Value Added by Industry (BEA), National Accounts (Cabinet Office), GDP of Indonesia (BPS), GDP & GNI by Sector (BOK), Economic Census (KOSIS)
  • Period: 2017-2021

※ In Korea, general & residential accommodations are included while rural & urban minbaks are excluded. Comparable countries are selected based upon availability of lodging GDP statistics for all types of accommodations.

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Data Source

  • Korea: Lodging Business Ledger (MOIS), Tourist Accommodation Ledger (MCST)
  • USA: Census Database (STR)
  • Period: As at the end of 2021

※ General & residential accommodations other than rural and urban minbaks asre included for Korea. Life cycle was calculated as of December 31, 2021 or actual closure date. If there exists a discrepancy between data sources for an establishment, the discrepancy was settled through an algorithm before use.

Data Source

  • Korea: Lodging Business Ledger (MOIS), Tourist Accommodation Ledger (MCST), Economic Census (KOSIS), Hotel Operating Statistics (KHA), DART (FSS), Trends Report (STR)
  • USA: Compendium of Tourism Statistics (UNWTO), Census Database (STR), Trends Report (STR)
  • Period: 2005-2021

※ General & residential accommodations other than rural and urban minbaks asre included for Korea. Visibility was calculated as the number of establishments for which revenue data is available divided by the total number of establishments. If there exists a discrepancy between data sources for an establishment, the discrepancy was settled through an algorithm before use.

Data Source

  • Guests(Korea): Domestic Traveler Survey (MCST), International Traveler Survey (MCST), Hotel Operating Statistics (KHA)
  • Rooms(Korea): Lodging Business Ledger (MOIS), Tourist Accommodation Ledger (MCST)
  • Guests(USA): Compendium of Tourism Statistics (UNWTO), Trends Report (STR)
  • Rooms(USA): Compendium of Tourism Statistics (UNWTO), Census Database (STR)
  • Period: 2005-2020

※ General & residential accommodations other than rural and urban minbaks asre included for Korea. If there exists a discrepancy between data sources for an establishment, the discrepancy was settled through an algorithm before use.