Literacy > Lodging Glossary > Multi-Living Facility

Multi-Living Facility

A multi-living establishment refers to a gosiwon, and certain gosiwons of a specific scale qualify as a ‘lodging property.’ The primary difference between those classified as lodging properties and those that are not lies in the ability to operate in residential areas. Specifically, small-scale gosiwons can operate as a second-class neighborhood facility in residential areas, whereas those classified as lodging properties cannot operate in residential areas.
Statutory Definition
A multi-living facility is defined as a gosiwon under the 'Special Act on Safety Control of Publicly Used Establishments' where the total floor area used for this purpose within the same building is 500 square meters or more. Such facilities are classified as lodging properties pursuant to the Enforcement Decree of Building Act.
Lobin Commentary

According to Article 2, Paragraph 7-2 of the Enforcement Decree of Special Act on Safety Control of Publicly Used Establishments, a gosiwon is defined as a ‘business that provides accommodation or lodging with facilities for studying within partitioned rooms.’ Annex 1 of the Enforcement Decree of Building Act defines facilities used for gosiwon businesses as multi-living facilities. If the total floor area is less than 500 square meters, they are classified as second-class neighbourhood facilities; if it is 500 square meters or more, they are classified as lodging properties.

The ‘Standards for Construction of Multi-Living Facilities,’ a sub-regulation under the Enforcement Regulation of Building Act, sets the following standards for multi-living facilities:

  1. Do not install cooking facilities or bathtubs in each room (showers are permitted).
  2. Multi-living facilities (excluding common facilities) should not be located in the basement.
  3. Each room should be equipped with facilities for studying (e.g., desks).
  4. Install common facilities within the facility (e.g., laundry rooms, lounges, cooking facilities).
  5. In floors above the second floor, if there is a window that can be opened (minimum 0.5 square meters) less than 1.2 meters from the floor, install a railing or similar safety feature at least 1.2 meters high to prevent falls.
  6. Minimum corridor widths should be 1.2 meters for single-loaded corridors and 1.5 meters for double-loaded corridors.
  7. To prevent noise between rooms, adhere to the boundary wall structure standards specified in Article 19 of the ‘Standards for Evacuation and Fire Protection Structures of Buildings’ and the ‘Standards for Floor Impact Sound Insulation Structure to Prevent Noise.’
  8. Ensure compliance with the ‘Crime Prevention Construction Standards’ to create a safe living environment and prevent crime.
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Data Source

  • GDP: GDP, Current $US (World Bank Open Data)
  • Establishments: Compendium of Tourism Statistics (UNWTO), Lodging Business Ledger (MOIS)
  • Rooms: Compendium of Tourism Statistics (UNWTO), Lodging Business Ledger (MOIS)
  • Lodging GDP: Value Added by Industry (BEA), National Accounts (Cabinet Office), GDP of Indonesia (BPS), GDP & GNI by Sector (BOK), Economic Census (KOSIS)
  • Period: 2017-2021

※ In Korea, general & residential accommodations are included while rural & urban minbaks are excluded. Comparable countries are selected based upon availability of lodging GDP statistics for all types of accommodations.

Data Source

  • Population: Population, Total (World Bank Open Data)
  • GDP: GDP, Current $US (World Bank Open Data)
  • Rooms: Compendium of Tourism Statistics (UNWTO), Lodging Business Ledger (MOIS)
  • Lodging GDP: Value Added by Industry (BEA), National Accounts (Cabinet Office), GDP of Indonesia (BPS), GDP & GNI by Sector (BOK), Economic Census (KOSIS)
  • Period: 2017-2021

※ In Korea, general & residential accommodations are included while rural & urban minbaks are excluded. Comparable countries are selected based upon availability of lodging GDP statistics for all types of accommodations.

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Data Source

  • Korea: Lodging Business Ledger (MOIS), Tourist Accommodation Ledger (MCST)
  • USA: Census Database (STR)
  • Period: As at the end of 2021

※ General & residential accommodations other than rural and urban minbaks asre included for Korea. Life cycle was calculated as of December 31, 2021 or actual closure date. If there exists a discrepancy between data sources for an establishment, the discrepancy was settled through an algorithm before use.

Data Source

  • Korea: Lodging Business Ledger (MOIS), Tourist Accommodation Ledger (MCST), Economic Census (KOSIS), Hotel Operating Statistics (KHA), DART (FSS), Trends Report (STR)
  • USA: Compendium of Tourism Statistics (UNWTO), Census Database (STR), Trends Report (STR)
  • Period: 2005-2021

※ General & residential accommodations other than rural and urban minbaks asre included for Korea. Visibility was calculated as the number of establishments for which revenue data is available divided by the total number of establishments. If there exists a discrepancy between data sources for an establishment, the discrepancy was settled through an algorithm before use.

Data Source

  • Guests(Korea): Domestic Traveler Survey (MCST), International Traveler Survey (MCST), Hotel Operating Statistics (KHA)
  • Rooms(Korea): Lodging Business Ledger (MOIS), Tourist Accommodation Ledger (MCST)
  • Guests(USA): Compendium of Tourism Statistics (UNWTO), Trends Report (STR)
  • Rooms(USA): Compendium of Tourism Statistics (UNWTO), Census Database (STR)
  • Period: 2005-2020

※ General & residential accommodations other than rural and urban minbaks asre included for Korea. If there exists a discrepancy between data sources for an establishment, the discrepancy was settled through an algorithm before use.