Literacy > Lodging Glossary > General Lodging

General Lodging

A general lodging refers to a lodging establishment registering and operating a general lodging property as a general lodging business pursuant to the ‘Public Health Control Act’. It is the most comprehensive type among statutory lodging establishment types. Since it only requires the most basic conditions among the various types of lodging properties, it is the most common type of lodging property distributed across the country.
Statutory Definition
General lodging properties refer to buildings registered and operated as 'general lodging businesses' pursuant to the Enforcement Decree of Building Act, and 'general lodging business' refers to a business that provides facilities (excluding cooking facilities) and services for guests to sleep and stay pursuant to Article 4, Paragraph 1 of the Enforcement Decree of the Public Health Control Act.
Lobin Commentary

The ‘Public Health Control Act,’ implemented in 1999 to replace the former ‘Public Health Act,’ is the most comprehensive regulation governing lodging businesses in Korea, widely applicable to various forms of lodging establishments. However, the scope of the ‘Public Health Control Act’ is somewhat narrower than the now-defunct ‘Public Health Act,’ which was abolished in 1999.

When the Public Health Act was first enacted in 1986, it included hotel business, timeshare business, yeogwan business, and yeoinsuk business. By 1998, just before it was replaced by the Public Health Control Act, it included hotel business, timeshare business, yeogwan business, farm yeogwan business, and yeoinsuk business. Additionally, hotel business and yeogwan business were subdivided into A and B grades. In other words, the initial Public Health Act broadly applied to the entire lodging industry, including what is now known as the tourist lodging business. However, with the implementation of the ‘Tourism Promotion Act’ in 1987, if a business plan for tourist lodging was approved pursuant to the Tourism Promotion Act, separate business registration under the Public Health Control Act was no longer required, thereby separating tourist lodging from general lodging.

Under the Public Health Control Act enacted in 1999, rural minbak and youth training facilities were excluded from the lodging businesses, and yeogwan business and yeoinsuk business were collectively referred to as lodging business. In 2012, with the separation of residential lodging business, the original lodging business was specified as general lodging business. However, until the amendment of the Building Act in 2013, yeogwans and yeoinsuks were still used as legitimate building uses, and general lodging properties and residential lodging properties were not separately distinguished. Meanwhile, the ‘Business Code – 10th Korean Standard Industrial Classification Link Table,’ used as the standard for business registration, still includes yeogwan business as one of the lodging business categories and does not clearly distinguish between general lodging business and residential lodging business.

On the other hand, the term ‘motel’ has been most frequently used for general lodging establishments, rather than ‘yeogwan’ or ‘yeoinsuk,’ and recently, the use of ‘hotel’ in the establishment name has been increasing. This indicates that there is still a gap between the types of lodging establishments commonly recognized in the market and those legally classified, making it difficult to ensure market visibility. This discrepancy can lead to a misunderstanding between providers and consumers regarding the type of individual lodging establishments.

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Data Source

  • GDP: GDP, Current $US (World Bank Open Data)
  • Establishments: Compendium of Tourism Statistics (UNWTO), Lodging Business Ledger (MOIS)
  • Rooms: Compendium of Tourism Statistics (UNWTO), Lodging Business Ledger (MOIS)
  • Lodging GDP: Value Added by Industry (BEA), National Accounts (Cabinet Office), GDP of Indonesia (BPS), GDP & GNI by Sector (BOK), Economic Census (KOSIS)
  • Period: 2017-2021

※ In Korea, general & residential accommodations are included while rural & urban minbaks are excluded. Comparable countries are selected based upon availability of lodging GDP statistics for all types of accommodations.

Data Source

  • Population: Population, Total (World Bank Open Data)
  • GDP: GDP, Current $US (World Bank Open Data)
  • Rooms: Compendium of Tourism Statistics (UNWTO), Lodging Business Ledger (MOIS)
  • Lodging GDP: Value Added by Industry (BEA), National Accounts (Cabinet Office), GDP of Indonesia (BPS), GDP & GNI by Sector (BOK), Economic Census (KOSIS)
  • Period: 2017-2021

※ In Korea, general & residential accommodations are included while rural & urban minbaks are excluded. Comparable countries are selected based upon availability of lodging GDP statistics for all types of accommodations.

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Data Source

  • Korea: Lodging Business Ledger (MOIS), Tourist Accommodation Ledger (MCST)
  • USA: Census Database (STR)
  • Period: As at the end of 2021

※ General & residential accommodations other than rural and urban minbaks asre included for Korea. Life cycle was calculated as of December 31, 2021 or actual closure date. If there exists a discrepancy between data sources for an establishment, the discrepancy was settled through an algorithm before use.

Data Source

  • Korea: Lodging Business Ledger (MOIS), Tourist Accommodation Ledger (MCST), Economic Census (KOSIS), Hotel Operating Statistics (KHA), DART (FSS), Trends Report (STR)
  • USA: Compendium of Tourism Statistics (UNWTO), Census Database (STR), Trends Report (STR)
  • Period: 2005-2021

※ General & residential accommodations other than rural and urban minbaks asre included for Korea. Visibility was calculated as the number of establishments for which revenue data is available divided by the total number of establishments. If there exists a discrepancy between data sources for an establishment, the discrepancy was settled through an algorithm before use.

Data Source

  • Guests(Korea): Domestic Traveler Survey (MCST), International Traveler Survey (MCST), Hotel Operating Statistics (KHA)
  • Rooms(Korea): Lodging Business Ledger (MOIS), Tourist Accommodation Ledger (MCST)
  • Guests(USA): Compendium of Tourism Statistics (UNWTO), Trends Report (STR)
  • Rooms(USA): Compendium of Tourism Statistics (UNWTO), Census Database (STR)
  • Period: 2005-2020

※ General & residential accommodations other than rural and urban minbaks asre included for Korea. If there exists a discrepancy between data sources for an establishment, the discrepancy was settled through an algorithm before use.